Эстони: различия между версиями

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{{Орн Зура
| native_name = ''Eesti Vabariik''
| conventional_long_name = Republic of Estonia
| common_name = Estonia
| national_anthem = ''[[Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm]]''<br /><small>([[English language|English]]: {{lang|en|"''My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy''"}})</small>
| image_flag = Flag of Estonia.svg
| image_coat = Coat of arms of Estonia.svg
|image_map = EU-Estonia.svg
|map_caption = {{map_caption |location_color=green |region=[[Europe]] |region_color=grey |subregion=the [[European Union]] |subregion_color=light green |legend=EU-Estonia.svg}}
| capital = [[Tallinn]]
| latd=59|latm=25|latNS=N|longd=24|longm=45|longEW=E
| largest_city = capital
| official_languages = [[Estonian language|Estonian]]<sup>1</sup>
| regional_languages =
| ethnic_groups = 68.7 % [[Estonian people|Estonian]]<br />25.6 % [[Russians in Estonia|Russian]]<br />{{Spaces|1}} 5.7 % others<ref name="stat.ee-nationality">{{cite web|url=http://www.stat.ee/34278|title=Population by ethnic nationality, 1 January, year|work=stat.ee|publisher=Statistics Estonia|accessdate=2009-10-24}}</ref>
| government_type = [[Parliamentary republic]]
| leader_title1 = [[President of Estonia|President]]
| leader_name1 = [[Toomas Hendrik Ilves]]
| leader_title2 = [[Prime Minister of Estonia|Prime Minister]]
| leader_name2 = [[Andrus Ansip]] ([[Estonian Reform Party|RE]])
| leader_title3 = [[Riigikogu|Parliament speaker]]
| leader_name3 = [[Ene Ergma]] ([[Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica|IRL]])
| leader_title4 = [[Government of the Republic of Estonia|Current coalition]]
| leader_name4 = ([[Reformierakond|RE]], [[Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit|IRL]])
| sovereignty_type = [[History of Estonia|Independence from]]
| sovereignty_note = [[Russian Empire|Russia]]
| established_event4 = [[Autonomous Governorate of Estonia|Autonomy declared]]
| established_date4 = 12 April 1917
| established_event5 = [[Estonian Declaration of Independence|Independence declared]]<br />[[History of Estonia#Road to Republic|Officially recognized]]
| established_date5 = 24 February 1918<br /><br />2 February 1920
| established_event6 = [[History of Estonia#Soviet Occupation|1st Soviet occupation]]
| established_date6 = 1940–1941
| established_event7 = [[Occupation of Estonia by Nazi Germany|German occupation]]
| established_date7 = 1941–1944
| established_event8 = [[History of Estonia#Soviet Occupation|2nd Soviet occupation]]
| established_date8 = 1944–1991
| established_event9 = [[History of Estonia#Regaining independence|Independence restored]]
| established_date9 = 20 August 1991
| accessionEUdate = 1 May 2004
| EUseats =
| area_km2 = 45,228
| area_sq_mi = 17,413<!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| area_rank = 132nd<sup>2</sup>
| area_magnitude = 1 E10
| percent_water = 4.45%
|population_estimate = 1,340,021<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.stat.ee/main-indicators |title=Statistics Estonia |publisher=Stat.ee |date=2010-01-01 |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref>
| population_estimate_year = 2010
| population_estimate_rank = 151st
| population_census = 1,370,052<ref name="2000 census, volume 2">{{cite paper
|url=http://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/26495
|title=2000. Aasta rahva ja eluruumide loendus (Population and Housing Census)
|subtitle=Kodakondsus, rahvus, emakeel, ja voorkeelte oskus (Citizenship, Nationality, Mother Tongue and Command of Foreign Languages)
|volume=2
|year=2001
|publisher=Statistikaamet (Statistical Office of Estonia)
|language=Estonian and English
|isbn=9985-74-202-8
|format=PDF
}}</ref>
| population_census_year = 2000
| population_density_km2 = 29
| population_density_sq_mi = 75 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| population_density_rank = 181st
| GDP_PPP_year = 2009
| GDP_PPP = $24.004 billion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web|url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2010/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2007&ey=2010&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=939&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=37&pr.y=4 |title=Estonia|publisher=International Monetary Fund|accessdate=2010-04-21}}</ref>
| GDP_PPP_rank =
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $17,908<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
| GDP_nominal = $19.123 billion<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_nominal_rank =
| GDP_nominal_year = 2009
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $14,266<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank =
| HDI_year = 2007
| HDI = {{increase}}0.883<ref>{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Complete.pdf |title=Human Development Index report, 2009 |format=PDF |date= |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref>
| HDI_rank = 40th
| HDI_category = <span style="color:#090;">high</span>
| Gini = 34
| Gini_year = 2005
| Gini_category = <span style="color:#fc0;">medium</span>
| currency = [[Euro]] (1.1.2011)
| currency_code = EUR
| time_zone = [[Eastern European Time|EET]]
| utc_offset = +2
| time_zone_DST = [[Eastern European Summer Time|EEST]]
| utc_offset_DST = +3
| drives_on = right
| cctld = [[.ee]]<sup>3</sup>
| calling_code = [[Telephone numbers in Estonia|372]]
| ISO_3166-1_alpha2 = EE
| ISO_3166-1_alpha3 = EST
| ISO_3166-1_numeric = ?
| alt_sport_code = EST
| vehicle_code = EST
| aircraft_code = EST
| demonym = Estonian
| footnote1 = [[Võro language|Võro]] and [[Seto language|Seto]] in [[Võrumaa|southern counties]] are spoken along with [[Estonian Language|Estonian]]. [[Russian language|Russian]] is spoken in [[Ida-Virumaa]] and Tallinn, due to the [[Demographics of Estonia|Soviet program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers]] from the [[USSR]] in the post-war period.
| footnote2 = {{convert|47549|km²|0|abbr=on}} were defined according to the [[Treaty of Tartu (Russian–Estonian)|Treaty of Tartu]] in 1920 between Estonia and [[Russia]]. Today the remaining {{convert|2323|km²|0|abbr=on}} are nowadays part of [[Russia]].<br />The ceded areas include the [[Pechory|Petserimaa county]] and the boundary in the north of [[Lake Peipus]] as the Lands behind the city of [[Narva]] including [[Ivangorod]] (Jaanilinn).<ref>[[Territorial changes of the Baltic states#Actual territorial changes after World War II]] Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II</ref><ref>[[Pechory]] under Russian control</ref>
| footnote3 = [[.eu]] is also shared with other member states of the [[European Union]].
}}
 
 
'''Эстон''' -[[Европ]]ын улас.
 
== Зүүлтэ ==
{{зүүлтэ}}
 
{{Европ}}
 
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